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Portable Parallel Kernels for High-Speed Beamforming in Synthetic Aperture Ultrasound Imaging

Joao Amaro, Gabriel Falcao, Billy Y. S. Yiu, Alfred C. H. Yu
Instituto de Telecomunicacoes, University of Coimbra, Portugal
38th International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), 2013

@article{amaro2013portable,

   title={PORTABLE PARALLEL KERNELS FOR HIGH-SPEED BEAMFORMING IN SYNTHETIC APERTURE ULTRASOUND IMAGING},

   author={Amaro, Joao and Falcao, Gabriel and Yiu, Billy YS and Yu, Alfred CH},

   year={2013}

}

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In medical ultrasound, synthetic aperture (SA) imaging is well-considered as a novel image formation technique for achieving superior resolution than that offered by existing scanners. However, its intensive processing load is known to be a challenging factor. To address such a computational demand, this paper proposes a new parallel approach based on the design of OpenCL signal processing kernels that can compute SA image formation in real-time. We demonstrate how these kernels can be ported onto different classes of parallel processors, namely multi-core CPUs and GPUs, whose multi-thread computing resources are able to process more than 250 fps. Moreover, they have strong potential to support the development of more complex algorithms, thus increasing the depth range of the inspected human volume and the final image resolution observed by the medical practitioner.
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