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Accelerating Pairwise DNA Sequence Alignment using the CUDA Compatible GPU

H. Khaled, R. El Gohary, N. L. Badr, H. M. Faheem
Faculty of Computer & Information Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
International Journal of Computer Applications, 84(1):25-31, 2013

@article{khaled2013accelerating,

   author={H. Khaled and R. El Gohary and N. L. Badr and H. M. Faheem},

   title={Article: Accelerating pairwise DNA Sequence Alignment using the CUDA compatible GPU},

   journal={International Journal of Computer Applications},

   year={2013},

   volume={84},

   number={1},

   pages={25-31},

   month={December},

   note={Published by Foundation of Computer Science, New York, USA}

}

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We present a novel implementation of the pairwise DNA sequence alignment problem other than the Dynamic programming solution presented by Smith Waterman Algorithm. The proposed implementation uses CUDA; the parallel computing platform and programming model invented by NVIDIA. The main idea of the proposed implementation is assigning different nucleotide weights then merging the sub-sequences of match using the GPU Architecture according to predefined rules to get the optimum local alignment. We parallelize the whole solution for the pairwise DNA sequence alignment using CUDA and compare the results against a similar semi-parallelized solution and a traditional Smith-Waterman implementation on traditional processors; Experimental results demonstrate a considerable reduction in the running time.
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