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Fast scale invariant feature detection and matching on programmable graphics hardware

Nico Cornelis, Luc Van Gool
K.U.Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops, 2008. CVPRW ’08. IEEE Computer Society Conference on In 2008 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (June 2008), pp. 1-8.

@conference{cornelis2008fast,

   title={Fast scale invariant feature detection and matching on programmable graphics hardware},

   author={Cornelis, N. and Van Gool, L.},

   booktitle={Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops, 2008. CVPRW’08. IEEE Computer Society Conference on},

   pages={1–8},

   year={2008},

   organization={IEEE}

}

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Ever since the introduction of freely programmable hardware components into modern graphics hardware, graphics processing units (GPUs) have become increasingly popular for general purpose computations. Especially when applied to computer vision algorithms where a Single set of Instructions has to be executed on Multiple Data (SIMD), GPU-based algorithms can provide a major increase in processing speed compared to their CPU counterparts. This paper presents methods that take full advantage of modern graphics card hardware for real-time scale invariant feature detection and matching. The focus lies on the extraction of feature locations and the generation of feature descriptors from natural images. The generation of these feature-vectors is based on the Speeded Up Robust Features (SURF) method [1] due to its high stability against rotation, scale and changes in lighting condition of the processed images. With the presented methods feature detection and matching can be performed at framerates exceeding 100 frames per second for 640 times 480 images. The remaining time can then be spent on fast matching against large feature databases on the GPU while the CPU can be used for other tasks.
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