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Improving GPU Performance by Regrouping CPU-Memory Data

Deepthi Gummadi
Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, College of Engineering, Wichita State University
Wichita State University, 2014

@phdthesis{gummadi2014improving,

   title={Improving GPU performance by regrouping CPU-memory data},

   author={Gummadi, Deepthi},

   year={2014},

   school={Wichita State University}

}

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In order to fast effective analysis of large complex systems, high-performance computing is essential. NVIDIA Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA)-assisted central processing unit (CPU) / graphics processing unit (GPU) computing platform has proven its potential to be used in high-performance computing. In CPU/GPU computing, original data and instructions are copied from CPU main memory to GPU global memory. Inside GPU, it would be beneficial to keep the data into shared memory (shared only by the threads of that block) than in the global memory (shared by all threads). However, shared memory is much smaller than global memory (for Fermi Tesla C2075, total shared memory per block is 48 KB and total global memory is 6 GB). In this paper, we introduce a CPU-memory to GPU-global-memory mapping technique to improve GPU and overall system performance by increasing the effectiveness of GPU-shared memory. We use NVIDIA 448-core Fermi and 2496-core Kepler GPU cards in this study. Experimental results, from solving Laplace’s equation for 512×512 matrixes using a Fermi GPU card, show that proposed CPU-to-GPU memory mapping technique help decrease the overall execution time by more than 75%.
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