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Customization of OpenCL Applications for Efficient Task Mapping under Heterogeneous Platform Constraints

Edoardo Paone, Francesco Robino, Gianluca Palermo, Vittorio Zaccaria, Ingo Sander, Cristina Silvano
Politecnico di Milano, Italy
International Conference on Design, Automation and Test in Europe (DATE 2015), 2015

@article{paone2015customization,

   title={Customization of OpenCL Applications for Efficient Task Mapping under Heterogeneous Platform Constraints},

   author={Paone, Edoardo and Robino, Francesco and Palermo, Gianluca and Zaccaria, Vittorio and Sander, Ingo and Silvano, Cristina},

   year={2015}

}

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When targeting an OpenCL application to platforms with multiple heterogeneous accelerators, task tuning and mapping have to cope with device-specific constraints. To address this problem, we present an innovative design flow for the customization and performance optimization of OpenCL applications on heterogeneous parallel platforms. It consists of two phases: 1) a tuning phase that optimizes each application kernel for a given platform and 2) a task-mapping phase that maximizes the overall application throughput by exploiting concurrency in the application task graph. The tuning phase is suitable for customizing parameterized OpenCL kernels considering device-specific constraints. Then, the mapping phase improves task-level parallelism for multi-device execution accounting for the overhead of memory transfers – overheads implied by multiple OpenCL contexts for different device vendors. Benefits of the proposed design flow have been assessed on a stereo-matching application targeting two commercial heterogeneous platforms.
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