Overhauling SC atomics in C11 and OpenCL

John Wickerson
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London
Imperial College London, 2015

   title={Overhauling SC atomics in C11 and OpenCL},

   author={Wickerson, John},



Download Download (PDF)   View View   Source Source   



Despite the conceptual simplicity of sequential consistency (SC), the semantics of SC atomic operations and fences in the C11 and OpenCL memory models is subtle, leading to convoluted prose descriptions that translate to complex axiomatic formalisations. We conduct an overhaul of SC atomics in C11, reducing the associated axioms in both number and complexity. A consequence of our simplification is that the SC operations in an execution no longer need to be totally ordered. This relaxation enables, for the first time, efficient and exhaustive simulation of litmus tests that use SC atomics. We use our improved C11 model to present the first rigorous memory model formalisation for OpenCL (which extends C11 with support for heterogeneous many-core programming). In the OpenCL setting, we refine the SC axioms still further to give a sensible semantics to SC operations that employ a "memory scope" to restrict their visibility to specific threads. Our overhaul requires slight strengthenings of both the C11 and the OpenCL memory models, causing some behaviours to become disallowed. We argue that these strengthenings are natural, and prove that all of the formalised C11 and OpenCL compilation schemes of which we are aware (Power and x86 for C11, AMD GPU for OpenCL) remain valid in our revised models. Using the HERD memory model simulator, we show that our overhaul leads to an exponential improvement in simulation time for C11 litmus tests compared with the original model, making exhaustive simulation competitive, time-wise, with the non-exhaustive CDSChecker tool.
VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)

* * *

* * *

TwitterAPIExchange Object
    [oauth_access_token:TwitterAPIExchange:private] => 301967669-yDz6MrfyJFFsH1DVvrw5Xb9phx2d0DSOFuLehBGh
    [oauth_access_token_secret:TwitterAPIExchange:private] => o29ji3VLVmB6jASMqY8G7QZDCrdFmoTvCDNNUlb7s
    [consumer_key:TwitterAPIExchange:private] => TdQb63pho0ak9VevwMWpEgXAE
    [consumer_secret:TwitterAPIExchange:private] => Uq4rWz7nUnH1y6ab6uQ9xMk0KLcDrmckneEMdlq6G5E0jlQCFx
    [postfields:TwitterAPIExchange:private] => 
    [getfield:TwitterAPIExchange:private] => ?cursor=-1&screen_name=hgpu&skip_status=true&include_user_entities=false
    [oauth:protected] => Array
            [oauth_consumer_key] => TdQb63pho0ak9VevwMWpEgXAE
            [oauth_nonce] => 1477600322
            [oauth_signature_method] => HMAC-SHA1
            [oauth_token] => 301967669-yDz6MrfyJFFsH1DVvrw5Xb9phx2d0DSOFuLehBGh
            [oauth_timestamp] => 1477600322
            [oauth_version] => 1.0
            [cursor] => -1
            [screen_name] => hgpu
            [skip_status] => true
            [include_user_entities] => false
            [oauth_signature] => 9pjumKt7Z5oSY6K2rL54cVk6KFg=

    [url] => https://api.twitter.com/1.1/users/show.json
Follow us on Facebook
Follow us on Twitter

HGPU group

2036 peoples are following HGPU @twitter

HGPU group © 2010-2016 hgpu.org

All rights belong to the respective authors

Contact us: