15781

Automatic Parallelization: Executing Sequential Programs on a Task-Based Parallel Runtime

Alcides Fonseca, Bruno Cabral, Joao Rafael, Ivo Correia
Department of Informatics Engineering, Universidade de Coimbra
arXiv:1604.03211 [cs.PL], (11 Apr 2016)
@article{fonseca2016automatic,

   title={Automatic Parallelization: Executing Sequential Programs on a Task-Based Parallel Runtime},

   author={Fonseca, Alcides and Cabral, Bruno and Rafael, Joao and Correia, Ivo},

   year={2016},

   month={apr},

   archivePrefix={"arXiv"},

   primaryClass={cs.PL},

   doi={10.1007/s10766-016-0426-5}

}

There are billions of lines of sequential code inside nowadays’ software which do not benefit from the parallelism available in modern multicore architectures. Automatically parallelizing sequential code, to promote an efficient use of the available parallelism, has been a research goal for some time now. This work proposes a new approach for achieving such goal. We created a new parallelizing compiler that analyses the read and write instructions, and control-flow modifications in programs to identify a set of dependencies between the instructions in the program. Afterwards, the compiler, based on the generated dependencies graph, rewrites and organizes the program in a task-oriented structure. Parallel tasks are composed by instructions that cannot be executed in parallel. A work-stealing-based parallel runtime is responsible for scheduling and managing the granularity of the generated tasks. Furthermore, a compile-time granularity control mechanism also avoids creating unnecessary data-structures. This work focuses on the Java language, but the techniques are general enough to be applied to other programming languages. We have evaluated our approach on 8 benchmark programs against OoOJava, achieving higher speedups. In some cases, values were close to those of a manual parallelization. The resulting parallel code also has the advantage of being readable and easily configured to improve further its performance manually.
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