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A Real-Time Multigrid Finite Hexahedra Method for Elasticity Simulation using CUDA

Christian Dick, Joachim Georgii, Rudiger Westermann
Computer Graphics and Visualization Group, Technische Universitat Munchen, Germany
Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory (21 November 2010)

@article{dick2010real,

   title={A Real-Time Multigrid Finite Hexahedra Method for Elasticity Simulation using CUDA},

   author={Dick, C. and Georgii, J. and Westermann, R.},

   journal={Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory},

   issn={1569-190X},

   year={2010},

   publisher={Elsevier}

}

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We present a multigrid approach for simulating elastic deformable objects in real time on recent NVIDIA GPU architectures. To accurately simulate large deformations we consider the co-rotated strain formulation. Our method is based on a finite element discretization of the deformable object using hexahedra. It draws upon recent work on multigrid schemes for the efficient numerical solution of partial differential equations on such discretizations. Due to the regular shape of the numerical stencil induced by the hexahedral regime, and since we use matrix-free formulations of all multigrid steps, computations and data layout can be restructured to avoid execution divergence of parallel running threads and to enable coalescing of memory accesses into single memory transactions. This enables to effectively exploit the GPU’s parallel processing units and high memory bandwidth via the CUDA parallel programming API. We demonstrate performance gains of up to a factor of 27 and 4 compared to a highly optimized CPU implementation on a single CPU core and 8 CPU cores, respectively. For hexahedral models consisting of as many as 269,000 elements our approach achieves physics-based simulation at 11 time steps per second.
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