2695

Cortical architectures on a GPGPU

Andrew Nere, Mikko Lipasti
Department of Electrical, University of Wisconsin, Madison
Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on General-Purpose Computation on Graphics Processing Units, GPGPU ’10

@conference{nere2010cortical,

   title={Cortical architectures on a GPGPU},

   author={Nere, A. and Lipasti, M.},

   booktitle={Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on General-Purpose Computation on Graphics Processing Units},

   pages={12–18},

   year={2010},

   organization={ACM}

}

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As the number of devices available per chip continues to increase, the computational potential of future computer architectures grows likewise. While this is a clear benefit for future computing devices, future chips will also likely suffer from more faulty devices and increased power consumption. It is also likely that these chips will be difficult to program if the current trend of adding more parallel cores continues to follow in the future. However, recent advances in neuroscientific understanding make parallel computing devices modeled after the human neocortex a plausible, attractive, fault-tolerant, and energy-efficient possibility. In this paper we describe a GPGPU extension to an intelligent model based on the mammalian neocortex. The GPGPU is a readily-available architecture that fits well with the parallel cortical architecture inspired by the basic building blocks of the human brain. Using NVIDIA’s CUDA framework, we have achieved up to 273x speedup over our unoptimized C++ serial implementation. We also consider two inefficiencies inherent to our initial design: multiple kernel-launch overhead and poor utilization of GPGPU resources. We propose using a software work-queue structure to solve the former, and pipelining the cortical architecture during training phase for the latter. Additionally, from our success in extending our model to the GPU, we speculate the necessary hardware requirements for simulating the computational abilities of mammalian brains.
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