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Parallelized Physical Optics computations for Scattering Center Models in radio channel simulations

H. Buddendick, T.F. Eibert
Inst. of Radio Freq. Technol., Univ. Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC), 2010

@inproceedings{buddendick2010parallelized,

   title={Parallelized Physical Optics computations for Scattering Center Models in radio channel simulations},

   author={Buddendick, H. and Eibert, T.F.},

   booktitle={Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC), 2010 IEEE},

   pages={64–71},

   organization={IEEE},

   year={2010}

}

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Scattering Center Models (SCMs) are an approach to efficiently characterize electromagnetic scattering of complex shaped objects in terms of a distribution of equivalent sources. SCMs have been widely used in the area of radar target modeling, particularly for object characterization and classification. Recently, the SCM approach has been adapted to model the electromagnetic properties of vehicles embedded in a comprehensive environment for the simulation of automotive radar channels. In this paper the application of SCMs for deterministic simulations of communication channels in automotive environments is presented. The main advantage of this concept is a drastic reduction of complexity for the ray tracing simulations. Instead of using a full geometrical description of the scene, the most complex objects are replaced by an equivalent SCM and a strongly simplified surface model. The SCM of an object is determined in advance, independent from the surrounding environment. In order to achieve a precise parameterization of individual Scattering Centers (SC), the Physical Optics (PO) approximation can be applied. Unfortunately, in contrast to a parameterization based on the Geometrical Optics (GO) contribution only, this approach requires field computations for a large number of observation directions. To handle this computational challenge, a parallelization concept is presented, which is based on multi-core architectures and on the utilization of Graphics Processing Units.
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