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A novel and scalable Multigrid algorithm for many-core architectures

Julian Becerra-Sagredo, Carlos Malaga, Francisco Mandujano
Inst. Ingenieria Ed. 5 Cub. 307, UNAM, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mexico D.F., Mexico
arXiv:1108.2045v1 [cs.NA] (9 Aug 2011)

@article{2011arXiv1108.2045B,

   title={A novel and scalable Multigrid algorithm for many-core architectures},

   author={Becerra-Sagredo, Julian and Malaga, Carlos and Mandujano, Francisco},

   journal={ArXiv e-prints},

   archivePrefix={"arXiv"},

   eprint={1108.2045},

   primaryClass={"cs.NA"},

   keywords={Numerical Analysis},

   year={2011},

   month={aug}

}

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Multigrid algorithms are among the fastest iterative methods known today for solving large linear and some non-linear systems of equations. Greatly optimized for serial operation, they still have a great potential for parallelism not fully realized. In this work, we present a novel multigrid algorithm designed to work entirely inside many-core architectures like the graphics processing units (GPUs), without memory transfers between the GPU and the central processing unit (CPU), avoiding low bandwitdth communications. The algorithm is denoted as the high occupancy multigrid (HOMG) because it makes use of entire grid operations with interpolations and relaxations fused into one task, providing useful work for every thread in the grid. For a given accuracy, its number of operations scale linearly with the total number of nodes in the grid. Perfect scalability is observed for a large number of processors.
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