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Simulating Biological-Inspired Spiking Neural Networks with OpenCL

Jorn Hoffmann, Karim El-Laithy, Frank Guttler, Martin Bogdan
Universitat Leipzig, Department of Computer Science, Leipzig, Germany
Artificial Neural Networks – ICANN 2010, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2010, Volume 6352/2010, 184-187

@article{hoffmann2010simulating,

   title={Simulating biological-inspired spiking neural networks with OpenCL},

   author={Hoffmann, J. and El-Laithy, K. and G{\"u}ttler, F. and Bogdan, M.},

   journal={Artificial Neural Networks–ICANN 2010},

   pages={184–187},

   year={2010},

   publisher={Springer}

}

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The algorithms used for simulating biologically-inspired spiking neural networks (BIANN) often utilize functions which are computationally complex and have to model a large number of neurons – or even a much larger number of synapses in parallel. To use all available computing resources provided by a standard desktop PC is an opportunity to shorten the simulation time and extend the number of simulated neurons and their interconnections. OpenCL offers an open platform for heterogeneous computing to employ CPUs, GPUs, DSP or FPGAs in an uniform way. This paper introduces a handy simulation framework being sufficient to accelerate different kinds of neural networks with off-the-shelf hardware. To illustrate this, different large networks comprising a complex synaptic model in combination with a leaky Integrate-and-Fire neuron model are implemented as standard Matlab code and with OpenCL separately. In comparison to the Matlab model, OpenCL reaches a speedup of on a quad-core processor and of on a GPU.
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