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Colour flux-tubes in static Pentaquark and Tetraquark systems

Pedro Bicudo, Nuno Cardoso, Marco Cardoso
CFTP, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa
arXiv:1111.0334v1 [hep-lat] (1 Nov 2011)

@article{2011arXiv1111.0334B,

   author={Bicudo}, P. and {Cardoso}, N. and {Cardoso}, M.},

   title={"{Colour flux-tubes in static Pentaquark and Tetraquark systems}"},

   journal={ArXiv e-prints},

   archivePrefix={"arXiv"},

   eprint={1111.0334},

   primaryClass={"hep-lat"},

   keywords={High Energy Physics – Lattice},

   year={2011},

   month={nov},

   adsurl={http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011arXiv1111.0334B},

   adsnote={Provided by the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System}

}

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The colour fields created by the static tetraquark and pentaquark systems are computed in quenched SU(3) lattice QCD, with gauge invariant lattice operators, in a 24^3 x 48 lattice at beta=6.2. We generate our quenched configurations with GPUs, and detail the respective benchmanrks in different SU(N) groups. While at smaller distances the coulomb potential is expected to dominate, at larger distances it is expected that fundamental flux tubes, similar to the flux-tube between a quark and an antiquark, emerge and confine the quarks. In order to minimize the potential the fundamental flux tubes should connect at 120o angles. We compute the square of the colour fields utilizing plaquettes, and locate the static sources with generalized Wilson loops and with APE smearing. The tetraquark system is well described by a double-Y-shaped flux-tube, with two Steiner points, but when quark-antiquark pairs are close enough the two junctions collapse and we have an X-shaped flux-tube, with one Steiner point. The pentaquark system is well described by a three-Y-shaped flux-tube where the three flux the junctions are Steiner points.
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