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Parallel-META: A high-performance computational pipeline for metagenomic data analysis

Xiaoquan Su, Jian Xu, Kang Ning
Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, Shandong, China
IEEE International Conference on Systems Biology (ISB), 2011

@inproceedings{su2011parallel,

   title={Parallel-META: A high-performance computational pipeline for metagenomic data analysis},

   author={Su, X. and Xu, J. and Ning, K.},

   booktitle={Systems Biology (ISB), 2011 IEEE International Conference on},

   pages={173–178},

   year={2011},

   organization={IEEE}

}

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Metagenomics method directly sequences and analyzes genome information from microbial communities. There are usually more than hundreds of genomes from different microbial species in the same community, and the main computational tasks for metagenomics data analysis include taxonomical and functional component of these genomes in the microbial community. Metagenomic data analysis is both data- and computation- intensive, which requires extensive computational power. Most of the current metagenomic data analysis softwares were designed to be used on a single computer, which could not match with the fast increasing number of large metagenomic projects’ computational requirements. Therefore, advanced computational methods and pipelines have to be developed to cope with such need for efficient analyses. In this paper, we proposed Parallel-META, a GPU- and multi-core-CPU-based open-source pipeline for metagenomic data analysis, which enabled the efficient and parallel analysis of multiple metagenomic datasets. In Parallel-META, the similarity-based database search was parallelized based on GPU computing and multi-core CPU computing optimization. Experiments have shown that Parallel-META has at least 15 times speed-up compared to traditional metagenomic data analysis method, with the same accuracy of the results (http://www.bioenergychina.org:8800/).
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