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A Hybrid Circular Queue Method for Iterative Stencil Computations on GPUs

Yang Yang, Hui-Min Cui, Xiao-Bing Feng, Jing-Ling Xue
State Key Laboratory of Computer Architecture, Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
Journal of Computer Science and Technology 27(1) 57-74, 2012

@article{yang2012hybrid,

   title={A Hybrid Circular Queue Method for Iterative Stencil Computations on GPUs},

   author={Yang, Y. and Cui, H.M. and Feng, X.B. and Xue, J.L.},

   journal={J. Comput. Sci. & Technol},

   volume={27},

   number={1},

   year={2012}

}

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In this paper, we present a hybrid circular queue method that can significantly boost the performance of stencil computations on GPU by carefully balancing usage of registers and shared-memory. Unlike earlier methods that rely on circular queues predominantly implemented using indirectly addressable shared memory, our hybrid method exploits a new reuse pattern spanning across the multiple time steps in stencil computations so that circular queues can be implemented by both shared memory and registers effectively in a balanced manner. We describe a framework that automatically finds the best placement of data in registers and shared memory in order to maximize the performance of stencil computations. Validation using four different types of stencils on three different GPU platforms shows that our hybrid method achieves speedups up to 2.93X over methods that use circular queues implemented with shared-memory only.
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