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GPU Acceleration of Image Convolution using Spatially-varying Kernel

Steven Hartung, Hemant Shukla, J. Patrick Miller, Carlton Pennypacker
Centre for Astronomy, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia
arXiv:1209.5823 [astro-ph.IM] (26 Sep 2012)

@article{hartung2012gpu,

   author={"Hartung},

   title={"{GPU Acceleration of Image Convolution using Spatially-varying Kernel}"},

   year={"2012"},

   eprint={"1209.5823"},

   archivePrefix={"arXiv"},

   primaryClass={"astro-ph.IM"},

   SLACcitation={"%%CITATION=ARXIV:1209.5823;%%"}

}

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Image subtraction in astronomy is a tool for transient object discovery such as asteroids, extra-solar planets and supernovae. To match point spread functions (PSFs) between images of the same field taken at different times a convolution technique is used. Particularly suitable for large-scale images is a computationally intensive spatially-varying kernel. The underlying algorithm is inherently massively parallel due to unique kernel generation at every pixel location. The spatially-varying kernel cannot be efficiently computed through the Convolution Theorem, and thus does not lend itself to acceleration by Fast Fourier Transform (FFT). This work presents results of accelerated implementation of the spatially-varying kernel image convolution in multi-cores with OpenMP and graphic processing units (GPUs). Typical speedups over ANSI-C were a factor of 50 and a factor of 1000 over the initial IDL implementation, demonstrating that the techniques are a practical and high impact path to terabyte-per-night image pipelines and petascale processing.
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