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Betweenness Centrality on GPUs and Heterogeneous Architectures

Ahmet Erdem Sariyuce, Kamer Kaya, Erik Saule, Umit V. Catalyurek
Dept. Biomedical Informatics, The Ohio State University
Workshop on General Purpose Processing Using GPUs (GPGPU), in conjunction with ASPLOS, 2013
@article{sariyuce2013betweenness,

   title={Betweenness Centrality on GPUs and Heterogeneous Architectures},

   author={Sar{i}y{"u}ce, A.E. and Kaya, K. and Saule, E. and {c{C}}ataly{"u}rek, {"U}.V.},

   year={2013}

}

The betweenness centrality metric has always been intriguing for graph analyses and used in various applications. Yet, it is one of the most computationally expensive kernels in graph mining. In this work, we investigate a set of techniques to make the betweenness computations faster on GPUs as well as on heterogeneous CPU/GPU architectures. Our techniques are based on virtualization of the vertices with high degree, strided access to adjacency lists, removal of the vertices with degree 1, and graph ordering. By combining these techniques within a fine-grain parallelism, we reduced the computation time on GPUs significantly for a set of social networks. On CPUs, which can usually have access to a large amount of memory, we used a coarse-grain parallelism. We showed that heterogeneous computing, i.e., using both architectures at the same time, is a promising solution for betweenness centrality. Experimental results show that the proposed techniques can be a great arsenal to reduce the centrality computation time for networks. In particular, it reduces the computation time of a 234 million edges graph from more than 4 months to less than 12 days.
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