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H. 264 Parallel Optimization on Graphics Processors

Elias Baaklini, Hassan Sbeity, Smail Niar
University of Valenciennes, 59313, Valenciennes, Cedex 9, France
The Fifth International Conferences on Advances in Multimedia (MMEDIA), 2013
@inproceedings{baaklini2013h,

   title={H. 264 Parallel Optimization on Graphics Processors},

   author={Baaklini, Elias and Sbeity, Hassan and Niar, Smail},

   booktitle={MMEDIA 2013, The Fifth International Conferences on Advances in Multimedia},

   pages={109–114},

   year={2013}

}

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Multimedia applications are present in most mobile hand-held devices. The H.264 standard is currently dominating the video compression world. H.264 has high computational complexity requiring large amount of processing resources. Many techniques emerged that optimize H.264 using parallelization on multicore systems ranging from groups of pictures until the smallest block of pixels. We propose a parallelization technique based on rows of macroblocks with a light dependency detection algorithm that optimizes data parallelization and minimizes dependency synchronization stall time. The parallel H.264 implementation is tested on 2, 4, 8, and 16 cores processors using CIF and HD video resolutions benchmarks. The experimental results show that, in terms of execution time and parallel scalability, CIF video sequences peak at 4 cores with a speedup of 3.1 and HD video sequences peak at 8 cores with a speedup of 6.2. The H.264 parallel implementation is then tested on a graphics processor simulator of the Evergreen family of AMD GPUs reaching a speedup up to 12.1 times without communications overhead. Our results shall aid to find the best parallel configuration of the H.264 standard with the most suitable multicore platform to use in terms of time complexity and parallel efficiency.
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