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Parallelization of cellular neural networks on GPU

T. Ho, P. Lam, C. Leung
Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong
Pattern Recognition, Vol. 41, No. 8. (August 2008), pp. 2684-2692.

@article{ho2008parallelization,

   title={Parallelization of cellular neural networks on GPU},

   author={Ho, T.Y. and Lam, P.M. and Leung, C.S.},

   journal={Pattern Recognition},

   volume={41},

   number={8},

   pages={2684–2692},

   year={2008},

   publisher={Elsevier}

}

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Recently, cellular neural networks (CNNs) have been demonstrated to be a highly effective paradigm applicable in a wide range of areas. Typically, CNNs can be implemented using VLSI circuits, but this would unavoidably require additional hardware. On the other hand, we can also implement CNNs purely by software; this, however, would result in very low performance when given a large CNN problem size. Nowadays, conventional desktop computers are usually equipped with programmable graphics processing units (GPUs) that can support parallel data processing. This paper introduces a GPU-based CNN simulator. In detail, we carefully organize the CNN data as 4-channel textures, and efficiently implement the CNN computation as fragment programs running in parallel on a GPU. In this way, we can create a high performance but low-cost CNN simulator. Experimentally, we demonstrate that the resultant GPU-based CNN simulator can run 8–17 times faster than a CPU-based CNN simulator.
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