Combined Spatial and Temporal Blocking for High-Performance Stencil Computation on FPGAs Using OpenCL

Hamid Reza Zohouri, Artur Podobas, Satoshi Matsuoka
Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan
arXiv:1802.00438 [cs.DC], (1 Feb 2018)


   title={Combined Spatial and Temporal Blocking for High-Performance Stencil Computation on FPGAs Using OpenCL},

   author={Zohouri, Hamid Reza and Podobas, Artur and Matsuoka, Satoshi},







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Recent developments in High Level Synthesis tools have attracted software programmers to accelerate their high-performance computing applications on FPGAs. Even though it has been shown that FPGAs can compete with GPUs in terms of performance for stencil computation, most previous work achieve this by avoiding spatial blocking and restricting input dimensions relative to FPGA on-chip memory. In this work we create a stencil accelerator using Intel FPGA SDK for OpenCL that achieves high performance without having such restrictions. We combine spatial and temporal blocking to avoid input size restrictions, and employ multiple FPGA-specific optimizations to tackle issues arisen from the added design complexity. Accelerator parameter tuning is guided by our performance model, which we also use to project performance for the upcoming Intel Stratix 10 devices. On an Arria 10 GX 1150 device, our accelerator can reach up to 760 and 375 GFLOP/s of compute performance, for 2D and 3D stencils, respectively, which rivals the performance of a highly-optimized GPU implementation. Furthermore, we estimate that the upcoming Stratix 10 devices can achieve a performance of up to 3.5 TFLOP/s and 1.6 TFLOP/s for 2D and 3D stencil computation, respectively.
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