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Posts

Feb, 23

Using hardware performance counters to speed up autotuning convergence on GPUs

Nowadays, GPU accelerators are commonly used to speed up general-purpose computing tasks on a variety of hardware. However, due to the diversity of GPU architectures and processed data, optimization of codes for a particular type of hardware and specific data characteristics can be extremely challenging. The autotuning of performance-relevant source-code parameters allows for automatic optimization […]
Feb, 21

Optimal program variant generation for hybrid manycore systems

Field Programmable Gate Arrays promise to deliver superior energy efficiency in heterogeneous high performance computing, as compared to multicore CPUs and GPUs. The rate of adoption is however hampered by the relative difficulty of programming FPGAs. High-level synthesis tools such as Xilinx Vivado, Altera OpenCL or Intel’s HLS address a large part of the programmability […]
Feb, 21

A Newcomer In The PGAS World – UPC++ vs UPC: A Comparative Study

A newcomer in the Partitioned Global Address Space (PGAS) ‘world’ has arrived in its version 1.0: Unified Parallel C++ (UPC++). UPC++ targets distributed data structures where communication is irregular or fine-grained. The key abstractions are global pointers, asynchronous programming via RPC, futures and promises. UPC++ API for moving non-contiguous data and handling memories with different […]
Feb, 21

INSTA-YOLO: Real-Time Instance Segmentation

Instance segmentation has gained recently huge attention in various computer vision applications. It aims at providing different IDs to different objects of the scene, even if they belong to the same class. Instance segmentation is usually performed as a two-stage pipeline. First, an object is detected, then semantic segmentation within the detected box area is […]
Feb, 21

cuFINUFFT: a load-balanced GPU library for general-purpose nonuniform FFTs

Nonuniform fast Fourier transforms dominate the computational cost in many applications including image reconstruction and signal processing. We thus present a general-purpose GPU-based CUDA library for type 1 (nonuniform to uniform) and type 2 (uniform to nonuniform) transforms in dimensions 2 and 3, in single or double precision. It achieves high performance for a given […]
Feb, 21

A Survey of Machine Learning for Computer Architecture and Systems

It has been a long time that computer architecture and systems are optimized to enable efficient execution of machine learning (ML) algorithms or models. Now, it is time to reconsider the relationship between ML and systems, and let ML transform the way that computer architecture and systems are designed. This embraces a twofold meaning: the […]
Feb, 14

Serverless Computing Strategies on Cloud Platforms

With the development of Cloud Computing, the delivery of virtualized resources over the Internet has greatly grown in recent years. Functions as a Service (FaaS), one of the newest service models within Cloud Computing, allows the development and implementation of event-based applications that cover managed services in public and on-premises Clouds. Public Cloud Computing providers […]
Feb, 14

Optimization of Data Assignment for Parallel Processing in a Hybrid Heterogeneous Environment Using Integer Linear Programming

In the paper we investigate a practical approach to application of integer linear programming for optimization of data assignment to compute units in a multi-level heterogeneous environment with various compute devices, including CPUs, GPUs and Intel Xeon Phis. The model considers an application that processes a large number of data chunks in parallel on various […]
Feb, 14

Searching CUDA code autotuning spaces with hardware performance counters: data from benchmarks running on various GPU architectures

We have developed several autotuning benchmarks in CUDA that take into account performance-relevant source-code parameters and reach near peak-performance on various GPU architectures. We have used them during the development and evaluation of a novel search method for tuning space proposed in [1]. With our framework Kernel Tuning Toolkit, freely available at Github, we measured […]
Feb, 14

Sub-seasonal forecasting with a large ensemble of deep-learning weather prediction models

We present an ensemble prediction system using a Deep Learning Weather Prediction (DLWP) model that recursively predicts key atmospheric variables with six-hour time resolution. This model uses convolutional neural networks (CNNs) on a cubed sphere grid to produce global forecasts. The approach is computationally efficient, requiring just three minutes on a single GPU to produce […]
Feb, 14

Transparent FPGA Acceleration with TensorFlow

Today, artificial neural networks are one of the major innovators pushing the progress of machine learning. This has particularly affected the development of neural network accelerating hardware. However, since most of these architectures require specialized toolchains, there is a certain amount of additional effort for developers each time they want to make use of a […]
Feb, 7

Dependable Embedded Systems

This Open Access book introduces readers to many new techniques for enhancing and optimizing reliability in embedded systems, which have emerged particularly within the last five years. This book introduces the most prominent reliability concerns from today’s points of view and roughly recapitulates the progress in the community so far. Unlike other books that focus […]

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