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Coherent Photon Mapping on the Intel MIC Architecture

Chun-Meng Kang, Lu Wang, Pei Wang, Yan-Ning Xu, Xiang-Xu Meng
School of Computer Science and Technology, Shandong University, Jinan 250101, China
Journal of Computer Science and Technology, Vol. 30, Issue (3), 519-527, 2015

@article{kang2015coherent,

   title={Coherent Photon Mapping on the Intel MIC Architecture},

   author={Kang, CM and Wang, L and Wang, P and others},

   journal={SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY},

   volume={30},

   number={3},

   pages={519–527},

   year={2015}

}

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Photon mapping is a global illumination algorithm which is composed of two steps: photon tracing and photon searching. During photon searching step, each shading point needs to search the photon-tree to find k-neighbouring photons for reflected radiance estimation. As the number of shading points and the size of photon-tree are dramatically large, the photon searching step is time consuming. We proposed a parallel photon searching algorithm by using radiance estimation approach for coherent shading points on the Intel Many Integrated Core (MIC) Architecture. In order to efficiently use single instruction multiple data (SIMD) units, shading points are clustered by similarity first (every cluster contains 16 shading-points), and an initial neighbouring scope is searched from the photon-tree for each cluster. Then we use 16-wide SIMD units by performing K-NN searching from the initial neighbouring scope for those 16 shading-points in a cluster in parallel. We use the method to simulate some global illumination scenes on Intel Xeon Processors and Intel Xeon Phi Coprocessors. The comparison results with existing photon mapping techniques indicate that our method gives significant improvement in speed with the same accuracy.
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