4211

Parallel particle filter algorithm in face tracking

Ke-Yan Liu, Liang Tang, Shan-Qing Li, Lei Wang, Wei Liu
HP Labs., Beijing, China
IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, 2009. ICME 2009

@inproceedings{liu2009parallel,

   title={Parallel particle filter algorithm in face tracking},

   author={Liu, K.Y. and Tang, L. and Li, S.Q. and Wang, L. and Liu, W.},

   booktitle={Multimedia and Expo, 2009. ICME 2009. IEEE International Conference on},

   pages={1817–1820},

   year={2009},

   organization={IEEE}

}

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This paper proposed a parallel particle filter algorithm with the help of GPU (Graphic Processing Unit) in face tracking. Due to illumination and occlusion problems, face tracking usually does not work stably based on a single cue. Three different visual cues, color histogram, edge orientation histogram and wavelet feature, are integrated under the framework of particle filter to improve the tracking performance considerably. Features matches and particle weight computation have been put into GPU kernel to handle the huge amount of computation cost resulted from the introduced multi-cue strategy. Besides, an online updating strategy makes our algorithm adaptable to some slight face rotations. The experimental results demonstrate that our proposed face tracking algorithm works robustly for cluttered backgrounds and different illuminations. The GPU parallel scheme achieves a good speedup (10x~40x) compared to the corresponding sequential algorithms.
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