Basker: A Threaded Sparse LU Factorization Utilizing Hierarchical Parallelism and Data Layouts

Joshua Dennis Booth, Sivasankaran Rajamanickam, Heidi K. Thornquist
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico
arXiv:1601.05725 [cs.DC], (21 Jan 2016)


   title={Basker: A Threaded Sparse LU Factorization Utilizing Hierarchical Parallelism and Data Layouts},

   author={Booth, Joshua Dennis and Rajamanickam, Sivasankaran and Thornquist, Heidi K.},






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Scalable sparse LU factorization is critical for efficient numerical simulation of circuits and electrical power grids. In this work, we present a new scalable sparse direct solver called Basker. Basker introduces a new algorithm to parallelize the Gilbert-Peierls algorithm for sparse LU factorization. As architectures evolve, there exists a need for algorithms that are hierarchical in nature to match the hierarchy in thread teams, individual threads, and vector level parallelism. Basker is designed to map well to this hierarchy in architectures. There is also a need for data layouts to match multiple levels of hierarchy in memory. Basker uses a two-dimensional hierarchical structure of sparse matrices that maps to the hierarchy in the memory architectures and to the hierarchy in parallelism. We present performance evaluations of Basker on the Intel SandyBridge and Xeon Phi platforms using circuit and power grid matrices taken from the University of Florida sparse matrix collection and from Xyce circuit simulations. Basker achieves a geometric mean speedup of 5.91x on CPU (16 cores) and 7.4x on Xeon Phi (32 cores) relative to KLU. Basker outperforms Intel MKL Pardiso (PMKL) by as much as 53x on CPU (16 cores) and 13.3x on Xeon Phi (32 cores) for low fill-in circuit matrices. Furthermore, Basker provides 5.4x speedup on a challenging matrix sequence taken from an actual Xyce simulation.
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