Runtime Support for Adaptive Power Capping on Heterogeneous SoCs

Yun Wu, Dimitrios S. Nikolopoulos, Roger Woods
School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Science Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom
International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architecture, Modeling and Simulation (SAMOS XVI), 2016


   title={Runtime Support for Adaptive Power Capping on Heterogeneous SoCs},

   author={Wu, Yun and Nikolopoulos, Dimitrios S and Woods, Roger},



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Power capping is a fundamental method for reducing the energy consumption of a wide range of modern computing environments, ranging from mobile embedded systems to datacentres. Unfortunately, maximising performance and system efficiency under static power caps remains challenging, while maximising performance under dynamic power caps has been largely unexplored. We present an adaptive power capping method that reduces the power consumption and maximizes the performance of heterogeneous SoCs for mobile and server platforms. Our technique combines power capping with coordinated DVFS, data partitioning and core allocations on a heterogeneous SoC with ARM processors and FPGA resources. We design our framework as a run-time system based on OpenMP and OpenCL to utilise the heterogeneous resources. We evaluate it through five data-parallel benchmarks on the Xilinx SoC which allows fully voltage and frequency control. Our experiments show a significant performance boost of 30% under dynamic power caps with concurrent execution on ARM and FPGA, compared to a naive separate approach.
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