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hls4ml: An Open-Source Codesign Workflow to Empower Scientific Low-Power Machine Learning Devices

Farah Fahim, Benjamin Hawks, Christian Herwig, James Hirschauer, Sergo Jindariani, Nhan Tran, Luca P. Carloni, Giuseppe Di Guglielmo, Philip Harris, Jeffrey Krupa, Dylan Rankin, Manuel Blanco Valentin, Josiah Hester, Yingyi Luo, John Mamish, Seda Orgrenci-Memik, Thea Aarestaad, Hamza Javed, Vladimir Loncar, Maurizio Pierini, Adrian Alan Pol, Sioni Summers, Javier Duarte, Scott Hauck, Shih-Chieh Hsu, Jennifer Ngadiuba, Mia Liu, Duc Hoang, Edward Kreinar, Zhenbin Wu
Fermilab, Batavia, IL, USA
arXiv:2103.05579 [cs.LG], (9 Mar 2021)

@misc{fahim2021hls4ml,

   title={hls4ml: An Open-Source Codesign Workflow to Empower Scientific Low-Power Machine Learning Devices},

   author={Farah Fahim and Benjamin Hawks and Christian Herwig and James Hirschauer and Sergo Jindariani and Nhan Tran and Luca P. Carloni and Giuseppe Di Guglielmo and Philip Harris and Jeffrey Krupa and Dylan Rankin and Manuel Blanco Valentin and Josiah Hester and Yingyi Luo and John Mamish and Seda Orgrenci-Memik and Thea Aarestaad and Hamza Javed and Vladimir Loncar and Maurizio Pierini and Adrian Alan Pol and Sioni Summers and Javier Duarte and Scott Hauck and Shih-Chieh Hsu and Jennifer Ngadiuba and Mia Liu and Duc Hoang and Edward Kreinar and Zhenbin Wu},

   year={2021},

   eprint={2103.05579},

   archivePrefix={arXiv},

   primaryClass={cs.LG}

}

Accessible machine learning algorithms, software, and diagnostic tools for energy-efficient devices and systems are extremely valuable across a broad range of application domains. In scientific domains, real-time near-sensor processing can drastically improve experimental design and accelerate scientific discoveries. To support domain scientists, we have developed hls4ml, an open-source software-hardware codesign workflow to interpret and translate machine learning algorithms for implementation with both FPGA and ASIC technologies. We expand on previous hls4ml work by extending capabilities and techniques towards low-power implementations and increased usability: new Python APIs, quantization-aware pruning, end-to-end FPGA workflows, long pipeline kernels for low power, and new device backends include an ASIC workflow. Taken together, these and continued efforts in hls4ml will arm a new generation of domain scientists with accessible, efficient, and powerful tools for machine-learning-accelerated discovery.
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