CoDL: Efficient CPU-GPU Co-execution for Deep Learning Inference on Mobile Devices

Fucheng Jia, Deyu Zhang, Ting Cao, Shiqi Jiang, Yunxin Liu, Ju Ren, Yaoxue Zhang
Central South University, Microsoft Research
The 20th ACM International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services, 2022


   title={CoDL: Efficient CPU-GPU Co-execution for Deep Learning Inference on Mobile Devices},

   author={Jia, Fucheng and Zhang, Deyu and Cao, Ting and Jiang, Shiqi and Liu, Yunxin and Ren, Ju and Zhang, Yaoxue},



Concurrent inference execution on heterogeneous processors is critical to improve the performance of increasingly heavy deep learning (DL) models. However, available inference frameworks can only use one processor at a time, or hardly achieve speedup by concurrent execution compared to using one processor. This is due to the challenges to 1) reduce data sharing overhead, and 2) properly partition each operator between processors. By solving the challenges, we propose CoDL, a concurrent DL inference framework for the CPU and GPU on mobile devices. It can fully utilize the heterogeneous processors to accelerate each operator of a model. It integrates two novel techniques: 1) hybrid-type-friendly data sharing, which allows each processor to use its efficient data type for inference. To reduce data sharing overhead, we also propose hybrid-dimension partitioning and operator chain methods; 2) non-linearity- and concurrency-aware latency prediction, which can direct proper operator partitioning by building an extremely light-weight but accurate latency predictor for different processors. Based on the two techniques, we build the end-to-end CoDL inference framework, and evaluate it on different DL models. The results show up to 4.93× speedup and 62.3% energy saving compared with the state-of-the-art concurrent execution system.
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