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The use of overlapping subgrids to accelerate the FDTD on GPU devices

L. Mattes, S. Kofuji
Univ. de Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo, Brazil
IEEE Radar Conference, 2010

@inproceedings{mattes2010use,

   title={The use of overlapping subgrids to accelerate the FDTD on GPU devices},

   author={Mattes, L. and Kofuji, S.},

   booktitle={Radar Conference, 2010 IEEE},

   pages={807–810},

   organization={IEEE},

   year={2010}

}

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The method Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) is widely used in electromagnetic simulations to solve problems of microwave tomography, radar and telecommunications. Since this method is a data intensive and computation intensive problem, there are a lot of initiatives to improve the scalability and the performance of the FDTD. Despite the progress, performance in FDTD simulation is still a challenge, especially in situations with experiments with large environments, complex objects and/or electromagnetic waves with a wide range of frequencies. The use of GPU to accelerate the FDTD, which has a good cost-benefit, is especially in focus, offering a speedup of hundreds of times if compared to the traditional CPU computation. The memory manager is the main issue to improve the performance of FDTD over GPU. This work presents a solution which uses overlapping subgrids in order to increase the efficiency in the memory access. The performed tests show a speedup of 1.7 times of the proposed solution when compared to the current FDTD over GPU.
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