Vortex Methods for Fluid Simulation in Computer Graphics

Vines Neuwirth, Mauricio Alfredo
School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Faculty of Engineering, University of Ottawa
University of Ottawa, 2013


   title={Vortex Methods for Fluid Simulation in Computer Graphics},

   author={Neuwirth, M.A.V.},


   school={University of Ottawa}


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Fluid simulations for computer graphics applications have attracted the attention of many researchers and practitioners due to the enhanced realism that natural phenomena simulation adds to graphical applications. Vortex methods are receiving increasing attention from the computer graphics community for simple and direct modeling of complex flow phenomena such as turbulence. However, vortex methods have not been developed yet to the level of other techniques for fluid simulation in computer graphics. In this work we present a novel simulation framework to model inviscid flows using Lagrangian vortex particle methods. We introduce novel stable methods to solve the vorticity flow equations that produce highly detailed visual fluid simulations. We incorporate the full interplay of solids and fluids in our framework. The coupling between free-form solids, represented by arbitrary surface meshes and fluids simulated with vortex methods, leads to visually rich simulations. Previous vortex simulators only focus on modeling the solid as a boundary for the flow. We model solid boundaries using an extended potential flow at the solid surface coupled with a boundary layer simulation. This allows the accurate simulation of two processes of visual interest. The first is the introduction of surface vorticity in the main flow as turbulence (vortex shedding). The second is the motion of the solid induced by fluid forces, which is calculated from the dynamics of vorticity in the flow and the rate of vorticity creation at solid surfaces. We demonstrate high quality results of our methods simulating flows around solid objects and solid object propulsion due to flows. This work ameliorates one of the important omissions in the development of vortex methods for computer graphics, which is the simulation of two-way coupling of solids and fluids.
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