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Fast recursive filters for simulating nonlinear dynamic systems

J. H. van Hateren
Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Amsterdam, and Institute for Mathematics and Computing Science, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
Neural Computation; Neural Computation 20:1821-1846 (2008), arXiv:0704.1362 [q-bio.QM] (11 Apr 2007)

@article{hateren2008fast,

   title={Fast recursive filters for simulating nonlinear dynamic systems},

   author={Hateren, J.H.},

   journal={Neural computation},

   volume={20},

   number={7},

   pages={1821–1846},

   issn={0899-7667},

   year={2008},

   publisher={MIT Press}

}

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A fast and accurate computational scheme for simulating nonlinear dynamic systems is presented. The scheme assumes that the system can be represented by a combination of components of only two different types: first-order low-pass filters and static nonlinearities. The parameters of these filters and nonlinearities may depend on system variables, and the topology of the system may be complex, including feedback. Several examples taken from neuroscience are given: phototransduction, photopigment bleaching, and spike generation according to the Hodgkin-Huxley equations. The scheme uses two slightly different forms of autoregressive filters, with an implicit delay of zero for feedforward control and an implicit delay of half a sample distance for feedback control. On a fairly complex model of the macaque retinal horizontal cell it computes, for a given level of accuracy, 1-2 orders of magnitude faster than 4th-order Runge-Kutta. The computational scheme has minimal memory requirements, and is also suited for computation on a stream processor, such as a GPU (Graphical Processing Unit).
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