Visualization and GPU-accelerated simulation of medical ultrasound from CT images

Oliver Kutter, Ramtin Shams, Nassir Navab
Computer Aided Medical Procedures (CAMP), Technische Universitat Munchen, Boltzmannstr. 3, 85748 Garching bei Munchen, Germany
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, Vol. 94, No. 3. (June 2009), pp. 250-266.


   title={Visualization and GPU-accelerated simulation of medical ultrasound from CT images},

   author={Kutter, O. and Shams, R. and Navab, N.},

   journal={Computer methods and programs in biomedicine},







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We present a fast GPU-based method for simulation of ultrasound images from volumetric CT scans and their visualization. The method uses a ray-based model of the ultrasound to generate view-dependent ultrasonic effects such as occlusions, large-scale reflections and attenuation combined with speckle patterns derived from pre-processing the CT image using a wave-based model of ultrasound propagation in soft tissue. The main applications of the method are ultrasound training and registration of ultrasound and CT images.
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