A Survey of General-Purpose Computation on Graphics Hardware

John D. Owens, David Luebke, Naga Govindaraju, Mark Harris, Jens Kruger, Aaron E. Lefohn, and Timothy J. Purcell
University of California, Davis, USA
Computer Graphics Forum, Volume 26, Issue 1, pages 80113, March 2007


   title={A Survey of General-Purpose Computation on Graphics Hardware},

   author={Owens, J.D. and Luebke, D. and Govindaraju, N. and Harris, M. and Kr{\”u}ger, J. and Lefohn, A.E. and Purcell, T.J.},

   booktitle={Computer graphics forum},






   organization={Wiley Online Library}


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The rapid increase in the performance of graphics hardware, coupled with recent improvements in its programmability, have made graphics hardware a compelling platform for computationally demanding tasks in a wide variety of application domains. In this report, we describe, summarize, and analyze the latest research in mapping general-purpose computation to graphics hardware. We begin with the technical motivations that underlie general-purpose computation on graphics processors (GPGPU) and describe the hardware and software developments that have led to the recent interest in this field. We then aim the main body of this report at two separate audiences. First, we describe the techniques used in mapping general-purpose computation to graphics hardware. We believe these techniques will be generally useful for researchers who plan to develop the next generation of GPGPU algorithms and techniques. Second, we survey and categorize the latest developments in general-purpose application development on graphics hardware. This survey should be of particular interest to researchers who are interested in using the latest GPGPU applications in their systems of interest.
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