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SU(2) Lattice QCD Simulations on Fermi GPUs

Nuno Cardoso, Pedro Bicudo
CFTP, Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
arXiv:1010.4834 [hep-lat] (23 Oct 2010)

@article{cardoso20102,

   title={SU (2) Lattice QCD Simulations on Fermi GPUs},

   author={Cardoso, N. and Bicudo, P.},

   journal={Arxiv preprint arXiv:1010.4834},

   year={2010}

}

In this work we explore the performance of CUDA in lattice SU(2) simulations. CUDA, NVIDIA Compute Unified Device Architecture, is a hardware and software architecture developed by NVIDIA for computing on the GPU. We present an analysis and performance comparison between the GPU and CPU in single and double precision. Analysis with multiple GPUs and two different architectures (G200 and Fermi architectures) are also presented. In order to obtain a high performance, the code must be optimized for the GPU architecture, i.e., an implementation that exploits the memory hierarchy of the CUDA programming model. We produce codes for the Monte Carlo generation of SU(2) lattice QCD configurations, for the mean plaquette, for the Polyakov Loop at finite T and for the Wilson loop. We also present results for the potential using many configurations ($50 000$) without smearing and almost $2 000$ configurations with APE smearing. With two Fermi GPUs we have achieved an excellent performance of $200 times$ the speed over one CPU. We also find that, using the Fermi architecture, double precision computations for the static quark-antiquark potential are not much slower (less than $2 times$ slower) than single precision computations.
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