Hybrid MPI/GPU Interpolation for Grid DEM Construction

Andrew Danner, Jake Baskin, Alexander Breslow, David Wilikofsky
Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, PA 19081
ACM Symposium on Advances in Geographic Information Systems, 2012

   author={A. Danner and J. Baskin and A. Breslow and D. Wilikofsky},

   title={Hybrid MPI/GPU Interpolation for Grid DEM Construction},

   booktitle={Proc. ACM Symposium on Advances in Geographic Information Systems},




Download Download (PDF)   View View   Source Source   



The proliferation of lidar technology in remote sensing has resulted in extremely large, high resolution point clouds covering a wide variety of terrain. Constructing a grid digital elevation model (DEM) from these large data sets requires extensive computational resources and ample disk space. We propose a framework for leveraging modern computing resources including multi-core distributed systems and general purpose GPU computing to reduce computational bottlenecks and accelerate DEM construction. We employ an I/O-efficient strategy using quad trees to automatically partition the lidar point clouds into a set of independent work bundles. We then distribute these work bundles to multiple GPU-equipped hosts which independently interpolate a portion of the DEM and return partial results. Finally, we gather the partial results and assemble the final DEM I/O-efficiently. Our approach balances I/O, computation, and network communication to reduce bottlenecks. Experimental results show that our approach scales linearly with the number of compute hosts, and achieves speed-ups of 25x or greater using GPU computing. These results make it practical to use more complex interpolation methods such as regularized splines with tension, which provide geomorphological advantages over simpler interpolation methods such as linear interpolation, nearest neighbor interpolation, or natural neighbor interpolation.
VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 5.0/5 (2 votes cast)
Hybrid MPI/GPU Interpolation for Grid DEM Construction, 5.0 out of 5 based on 2 ratings

* * *

* * *

Follow us on Twitter

HGPU group

1662 peoples are following HGPU @twitter

Like us on Facebook

HGPU group

337 people like HGPU on Facebook

* * *

Free GPU computing nodes at hgpu.org

Registered users can now run their OpenCL application at hgpu.org. We provide 1 minute of computer time per each run on two nodes with two AMD and one nVidia graphics processing units, correspondingly. There are no restrictions on the number of starts.

The platforms are

Node 1
  • GPU device 0: nVidia GeForce GTX 560 Ti 2GB, 822MHz
  • GPU device 1: AMD/ATI Radeon HD 6970 2GB, 880MHz
  • CPU: AMD Phenom II X6 @ 2.8GHz 1055T
  • RAM: 12GB
  • OS: OpenSUSE 13.1
  • SDK: nVidia CUDA Toolkit 6.5.14, AMD APP SDK 3.0
Node 2
  • GPU device 0: AMD/ATI Radeon HD 7970 3GB, 1000MHz
  • GPU device 1: AMD/ATI Radeon HD 5870 2GB, 850MHz
  • CPU: Intel Core i7-2600 @ 3.4GHz
  • RAM: 16GB
  • OS: OpenSUSE 12.3
  • SDK: AMD APP SDK 3.0

Completed OpenCL project should be uploaded via User dashboard (see instructions and example there), compilation and execution terminal output logs will be provided to the user.

The information send to hgpu.org will be treated according to our Privacy Policy

HGPU group © 2010-2015 hgpu.org

All rights belong to the respective authors

Contact us: