Inverse scattering and refraction corrected reflection for breast cancer imaging

J. Wiskin, D. Borup, S. Johnson, M. Berggren, D. Robinson, J. Smith, J. Chen, Y. Parisky, John Klock
TechniScan Medical Systems, Inc., USA
Medical Imaging 2010: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy, Vol. 7629, No. 1. (2010), 76290K


   title={Inverse scattering and refraction corrected reflection for breast cancer imaging},

   author={Wiskin, J. and Borup, D. and Johnson, S. and Berggren, M. and Robinson, D. and Smith, J. and Chen, J. and Parisky, Y. and Klock, J.},

   booktitle={Proceedings of SPIE},





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Reflection ultrasound (US) has been utilized as an adjunct imaging modality for over 30 years. TechniScan, Inc. has developed unique, transmission and concomitant reflection algorithms which are used to reconstruct images from data gathered during a tomographic breast scanning process called Warm Bath Ultrasound (WBU). The transmission algorithm yields high resolution, 3D, attenuation and speed of sound (SOS) images. The reflection algorithm is based on canonical ray tracing utilizing refraction correction via the SOS and attenuation reconstructions. The refraction correction reflection algorithm allows 360 degree compounding resulting in the reflection image. The requisite data are collected when scanning the entire breast in a 33C water bath, on average in 8 minutes. This presentation explains how the data are collected and processed by the 3D transmission and reflection imaging mode algorithms. The processing is carried out using two NVIDIA Tesla GPU processors, accessing data on a 4-TeraByte RAID. The WBU images are displayed in a DICOM viewer that allows registration of all three modalities. Several representative cases are presented to demonstrate potential diagnostic capability including: a cyst, fibroadenoma, and a carcinoma. WBU images (SOS, attenuation, and reflection modalities) are shown along with their respective mammograms and standard ultrasound images. In addition, anatomical studies are shown comparing WBU images and MRI images of a cadaver breast. This innovative technology is designed to provide additional tools in the armamentarium for diagnosis of breast disease.
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