18843

Cross-Platform Performance Portability Using Highly Parametrized SYCL Kernels

John Lawson, Mehdi Goli, Duncan McBain, Daniel Soutar, Louis Sugy
Codeplay Software Ltd.
arXiv:1904.05347 [cs.PF], (10 Apr 2019)

@article{lawson2019cross,

   title={Cross-Platform Performance Portability Using Highly Parametrized SYCL Kernels},

   author={Lawson, John and Goli, Mehdi and McBain, Duncan Soutar, Daniel and Sugy, Louis},

   year={2019},

   eprint={1904.05347},

   archivePrefix={arXiv},

   primaryClass={cs.PF}

}

Over recent years heterogeneous systems have become more prevalent across HPC systems, with over 100 supercomputers in the TOP500 incorporating GPUs or other accelerators. These hardware platforms have different performance characteristics and optimization requirements. In order to make the most of multiple accelerators a developer has to provide implementations of their algorithms tuned for each device. Hardware vendors provide libraries targeting their devices specifically, which provide good performance but frequently have different API designs, hampering portability. The SYCL programming model allows users to write heterogeneous programs using completely standard C++, and so developers have access to the power of C++ templates when developing compute kernels. In this paper we show that by writing highly parameterized kernels for matrix multiplies and convolutions we achieve performance competitive with vendor implementations across different architectures. Furthermore, tuning for new devices amounts to choosing the combinations of kernel parameters that perform best on the hardware.
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