Compressed Learning of Deep Neural Networks for OpenCL-Capable Embedded Systems

Sangkyun Lee, Jeonghyun Lee
Computer Science, Hanyang University ERICA, Ansan 15588, Korea
Applied Science, 9(8), 1669, 2019


   title={Compressed Learning of Deep Neural Networks for OpenCL-Capable Embedded Systems},

   author={Lee, Sangkyun and Lee, Jeonghyun},

   journal={Applied Sciences},





   publisher={Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute}


Deep neural networks (DNNs) have been quite successful in solving many complex learning problems. However, DNNs tend to have a large number of learning parameters, leading to a large memory and computation requirement. In this paper, we propose a model compression framework for efficient training and inference of deep neural networks on embedded systems. Our framework provides data structures and kernels for OpenCL-based parallel forward and backward computation in a compressed form. In particular, our method learns sparse representations of parameters using l1-based sparse coding while training, storing them in compressed sparse matrices. Unlike the previous works, our method does not require a pre-trained model as an input and therefore can be more versatile for different application environments. Even though the use of l1-based sparse coding for model compression is not new, we show that it can be far more effective than previously reported when we use proximal point algorithms and the technique of debiasing. Our experiments show that our method can produce minimal learning models suitable for small embedded devices.
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