19521

Efficient Radial Pattern Keyword Search on Knowledge Graphs in Parallel

Yueji Yang, Anthony K. H. Tung
National University of Singapore
arXiv:2001.06770 [cs.DB], (19 Jan 2020)

@misc{yang2020efficient,

   title={Efficient Radial Pattern Keyword Search on Knowledge Graphs in Parallel},

   author={Yueji Yang and Anthony K. H. Tung},

   year={2020},

   eprint={2001.06770},

   archivePrefix={arXiv},

   primaryClass={cs.DB}

}

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Recently, keyword search on Knowledge Graphs (KGs) becomes popular. Typical keyword search approaches aim at finding a concise subgraph from a KG, which can reflect a close relationship among all input keywords. The connection paths between keywords are selected in a way that leads to a result subgraph with a better semantic score. However, such a result may not meet user information need because it relies on the scoring function to decide what keywords to link closer. Therefore, such a result may miss close connections among some keywords on which users intend to focus. In this paper, we propose a parallel keyword search engine, called RAKS. It allows users to specify a query as two sets of keywords, namely central keywords and marginal keywords. Specifically, central keywords are those keywords on which users focus more. Their relationships are desired in the results. Marginal keywords are those less focused keywords. Their connections to the central keywords are desired. In addition, they provide additional information that helps discover better results in terms of user intents. To improve the efficiency, we propose novel weighting and scoring schemes that boost the parallel execution during search while retrieving semantically relevant results. We conduct extensive experiments to validate that RAKS can work efficiently and effectively on open KGs with large size and variety.
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