29261

COOK Access Control on an embedded Volta GPU

Benjamin Lesage, Frédéric Boniol, Claire Pagetti
ONERA, Toulouse, France
arXiv:2406.14081 [cs.AR], (20 Jun 2024)

@misc{lesage2024cook,

   title={COOK Access Control on an embedded Volta GPU},

   author={Benjamin Lesage and Frédéric Boniol and Claire Pagetti},

   year={2024},

   eprint={2406.14081},

   archivePrefix={arXiv},

   primaryClass={id=’cs.AR’ full_name=’Hardware Architecture’ is_active=True alt_name=None in_archive=’cs’ is_general=False description=’Covers systems organization and hardware architecture. Roughly includes material in ACM Subject Classes C.0, C.1, and C.5.’}

}

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The last decade has seen the emergence of a new generation of multi-core in response to advances in machine learning, and in particular Deep Neural Network (DNN) training and inference tasks. These platforms, like the JETSON AGX XAVIER, embed several cores and accelerators in a SWaP- efficient (Size Weight and Power) package with a limited set of resources. However, concurrent applications tend to interfere on shared resources, resulting in high execution time variability for applications compared to their behaviour in isolation.Access control techniques aim to selectively restrict the flow of operations executed by a resource. To reduce the impact of interference on the JETSON Volta GPU, we specify and implement an access control technique to ensure each GPU operation executes in isolation to reduce its timing variability. We implement the controller using three different strategies and assess their complexity and impact on the application performance. Our evaluation shows the benefits of adding the access control: its transparency to applications, reduced timing variability, isolation between GPU operations, and small code complexity. However, the strategies may cause some potential slowdowns for applications even in isolation but which are reasonable.
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