GPU Accelerated Solver of Time-Dependent Air Pollutant Transport Equations

Vaclav Simek, Radim Dvorak, Frantisek Zboril, Vladimir Drabek
Fac. of Inf. Technol., Brno Univ. of Technol., Brno, Czech Republic
12th Euromicro Conference on Digital System Design, Architectures, Methods and Tools, 2009. DSD ’09


   title={GPU Accelerated Solver of Time-Dependent Air Pollutant Transport Equations},

   author={Simek, V. and Dvorak, R. and Zboril, F. and Drabek, V.},

   booktitle={Digital System Design, Architectures, Methods and Tools, 2009. DSD’09. 12th Euromicro Conference on},





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Main objective of this paper is to outline possible ways how to achieve a substantial acceleration in case of advection-diffusion equation (A-DE) calculation, which is commonly used for a description of the pollutant behavior in atmosphere. A-DE is a land of partial differential equation (PDE) and in general case it is usually solved by numerical integration due to its high complexity. These types of calculations are time consuming thus the main idea of our work is to adopt compute unified device architecture (CUDA) software framework and commodity add-on card with general-purpose graphics processing unit (GPU) to do the calculations in a faster way. The solution is based on method of lines with 4 order Runge-Kutta scheme to handle the integration. As a matter of fact, the selected approach involves number of auxiliary variables and thus the memory management is critical in order to achieve desired performance. From a technical point of view, we have implemented a particular variant of the A-DE system, where the pollutant concentration is time-dependent. An efficient data handling is primarily based on the exploitation of shared memory blocks and texture caches inside GPU chip. Detailed evaluation of the obtained results is given in this paper where an astonishing execution speed up of GPU-based solution is demonstrated in comparison to standard CPU.
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