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SABER: Window-Based Hybrid Stream Processing for Heterogeneous Architectures

Alexandros Koliousis, Matthias Weidlich, Raul Castro Fernandez, Alexander L. Wolf, Paolo Costa, Peter Pietzuch
Imperial College London
The ACM SIGMOD Conference (SIGMOD’16), 2016
@article{koliousis2016saber,

   title={SABER: Window-Based Hybrid Stream Processing for Heterogeneous Architectures},

   author={Koliousis, Alexandros and Weidlich, Matthias and Fernandez, Raul Castro and Wolf, Alexander L and Costa, Paolo and Pietzuch, Peter},

   year={2016}

}

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Modern servers have become heterogeneous, often combining multicore CPUs with many-core GPGPUs. Such heterogeneous architectures have the potential to improve the performance of data-intensive stream processing applications, but they are not supported by current relational stream processing engines. For an engine to exploit a heterogeneous architecture, it must execute streaming SQL queries with sufficient data-parallelism to fully utilise all available heterogeneous processors, and decide how to use each in the most effective way. It must do this while respecting the semantics of streaming SQL queries, in particular with regard to window handling. We describe SABER, a hybrid high-performance relational stream processing engine for CPUs and GPGPUs. SABER executes windowbased streaming SQL queries in a data-parallel fashion using all available CPU and GPGPU cores. Instead of statically assigning query operators to heterogeneous processors, SABER employs a new adaptive heterogeneous lookahead scheduling strategy, which increases the share of queries executing on the processor that yields the highest performance. To hide data movement costs, SABER pipelines the transfer of stream data between CPU and GPGPU memory. Our experimental comparison against state-of-the-art engines shows that SABER increases processing throughput while maintaining low latency for a wide range of streaming SQL queries with both small and large window sizes.
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