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Posts

May, 26

Learning a Metric Embedding for Face Recognition using the Multibatch Method

This work is motivated by the engineering task of achieving a near state-of-the-art face recognition on a minimal computing budget running on an embedded system. Our main technical contribution centers around a novel training method, called Multibatch, for similarity learning, i.e., for the task of generating an invariant "face signature" through training pairs of "same" […]
May, 26

Implementing Deep Neural Networks for Financial Market Prediction on the Intel Xeon Phi

Deep neural networks (DNNs) are powerful types of artificial neural networks (ANNs) that use several hidden layers. They have recently gained considerable attention in the speech transcription and image recognition community (Krizhevsky et al., 2012) for their superior predictive properties including robustness to overfitting. However their application to financial market prediction has not been previously […]
May, 26

Vulnerable GPU Memory Management: Towards Recovering Raw Data from GPU

In this paper, we present that security threats coming with existing GPU memory management strategy are overlooked, which opens a back door for adversaries to freely break the memory isolation: they enable adversaries without any privilege in a computer to recover the raw memory data left by previous processes directly. More importantly, such attacks can […]
May, 26

PROJECTION Algorithm for Motif Finding on GPUs

Motif finding is one of the NP-complete problems in Computational Biology. Existing nondeterministic algorithms for motif finding do not guarantee the global optimality of results and are sensitive to initial parameters. To address this problem, the PROJECTION algorithm provides a good initial estimate that can be further refined using local optimization algorithms such as EM, […]
May, 23

Ristretto: Hardware-Oriented Approximation of Convolutional Neural Networks

Convolutional neural networks (CNN) have achieved major breakthroughs in recent years. Their performance in computer vision have matched and in some areas even surpassed human capabilities. Deep neural networks can capture complex non-linear features; however this ability comes at the cost of high computational and memory requirements. State-of-art networks require billions of arithmetic operations and […]
May, 23

ImageCL: An Image Processing Language for Performance Portability on Heterogeneous Systems

Modern computer systems typically conbine multicore CPUs with accelerators like GPUs for inproved performance and energy efficiency. However, these systems suffer from poor performance portability, code tuned for one device must be retuned to achieve high performance on another. Image processing is increasing in importance, with applications ranging from seismology and medicine to Photoshop. Based […]
May, 23

Deep Roots: Improving CNN Efficiency with Hierarchical Filter Groups

We propose a new method for training computationally efficient and compact convolutional neural networks (CNNs) using a novel sparse connection structure that resembles a tree root. Our sparse connection structure facilitates a significant reduction in computational cost and number of parameters of state-of-the-art deep CNNs without compromising accuracy. We validate our approach by using it […]
May, 23

Graphics Supercomputing Applied to Brain Image Analysis with NiftyReg

Medical image processing in general and brain image processing in particular are computationally intensive tasks. Luckily, their use can be liberalized by means of techniques such as GPU programming. In this article we study NiftyReg, a brain image processing library with a GPU implementation using CUDA, and analyse different possible ways of further optimising the […]
May, 23

A Practical Performance Model for Compute and Memory Bound GPU Kernels

Performance prediction of GPU kernels is generally a tedious procedure with unpredictable results. In this paper, we provide a practical model for estimating performance of CUDA kernels on GPU hardware in an automated manner. First, we propose the quadrant-split model, an alternative of the roofline visual performance model, which provides insight on the performance limiting […]
May, 21

The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Cross-Platform OpenCL Application Development

One of the benefits to programming of OpenCL is platform portability. That is, an OpenCL program that follows the OpenCL specification should, in principle, execute reliably on any platform that supports OpenCL. To assess the current state of OpenCL portability, we provide an experience report examining two sets of open source benchmarks that we attempted […]
May, 21

Architecture-Adaptive Code Variant Tuning

Code variants represent alternative implementations of a computation, and are common in high-performance libraries and applications to facilitate selecting the most appropriate implementation for a specific execution context (target architecture and input dataset). Automating code variant selection typically relies on machine learning to construct a model during an offline learning phase that can be quickly […]
May, 21

GPU-based Pedestrian Detection for Autonomous Driving

Pedestrian detection has gained a lot of prominence during the last few years. Besides the fact that it is one of the hardest tasks within computer vision, it involves huge computational costs. Obtaining acceptable real-time performance, measured in frames per second (fps), for the most advanced algorithms is nowadays a hard challenge. In this work, […]
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