Data Layout Oriented Compilation Techniques in Vectorization for Multi-/Many-cores

Shixiong Xu
School of Computer Science and Statistics, Trinity College, Dublin
Trinity College, 2017


   title={Data Layout Oriented Compilation Techniques in Vectorization for Multi-/Many-cores},

   author={Xu, Shixiong},




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Single instruction, multiple data (SIMD) architectures are widely adopted in both general-purpose processors and graphic processing units for exploiting data-level parallelism. It is tedious and error-prone for programmers to write high performance code to utilize SIMD execution units on both platforms. Therefore, users often rely on automatic code generation techniques in compilers. However, it is not trivial for compilers to generate high performance code without considering the data layout of the data used in the computation. Data layout determines data access patterns, and in turn have a great impact on the memory performance of the automatically generated code for both CPUs and GPUs. In this thesis, we demonstrate several data layout oriented compilation techniques for efficient vectorization. We put forward semi-automatic data layout transformation to help users to easily change their program, and exploit the best possible data layout in terms of vectorization. Our proposed vectorization based on hyper loop parallelism provides a way to take advantage the relationship between data layout and computation structure. The experimental results demonstrated that this vectorization technique can yield significant performance gain. In addition, we show that this technique is of great use to boost the memory performance on CUDA GPUs. We also present pioneering work that uses loop vectorization techniques to handle nested thread-level parallelism (TLP) on CUDA GPUs. As loop vectorization prioritizes vectorizing loops with contiguous data accesses, it is of great help to achieve an efficient mapping strategy for nested TLP on CUDA GPUs. Our new bitslice vector computing for customizable arithmetic precision on general-purpose processors with SIMD extensions not only breaks the limit of hardware arithmetic precision but also achieves great performance. It also shows the great power of logic optimization widely used in hardware synthesis in optimizing C/C++ code with a large amount of logic operations.
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