Directive-Based Data Partitioning and Pipelining and Auto-Tuning for High-Performance GPU Computing

Xuewen Cui
Virginia Polytechnic Institute
Virginia Polytechnic Institute, 2020


   title={Directive-Based Data Partitioning and Pipelining and Auto-Tuning for High-Performance GPU Computing},

   author={Cui, Xuewen},


   school={Virginia Tech}


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Over the past decade, parallel accelerators have become increasingly prominent in this emerging era of "big data, big compute, and artificial intelligence.” In more recent supercomputers and datacenter clusters, we find multi-core central processing units (CPUs), many-core graphics processing units (GPUs), field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), and co-processors (e.g., Intel Xeon Phi) being used to accelerate many kinds of computation tasks. While many new programming models have been proposed to support these accelerators, scientists or developers without domain knowledge usually find existing programming models not efficient enough to port their code to accelerators. Due to the limited accelerator on-chip memory size, the data array size is often too large to fit in the on-chip memory, especially while dealing with deep learning tasks. The data need to be partitioned and managed properly, which requires more hand-tuning effort. Moreover, performance tuning is difficult for developers to achieve high performance for specific applications due to a lack of domain knowledge. To handle these problems, this dissertation aims to propose a general approach to provide better programmability, performance, and data management for the accelerators. Accelerator users often prefer to keep their existing verified C, C++, or Fortran code rather than grapple with the unfamiliar code. Since 2013, OpenMP has provided a straightforward way to adapt existing programs to accelerated systems. We propose multiple associated clauses to help developers easily partition and pipeline the accelerated code. Specifically, the proposed extension can overlap kernel computation and data transfer between host and device efficiently. The extension supports memory over-subscription, meaning the memory size required by the tasks could be larger than the GPU size. The internal scheduler guarantees that the data is swapped out correctly and efficiently. Machine learning methods are also leveraged to help with auto-tuning accelerator performance.
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