28559

Quantifying OpenMP: Statistical Insights into Usage and Adoption

Tal Kadosh, Niranjan Hasabnis, Timothy Mattson, Yuval Pinter, Gal Oren
Department of Computer Science, Ben-Gurion University, Israel
arXiv:2308.08002 [cs.DC], (15 Aug 2023)

@misc{kadosh2023quantifying,

   title={Quantifying OpenMP: Statistical Insights into Usage and Adoption},

   author={Tal Kadosh and Niranjan Hasabnis and Timothy Mattson and Yuval Pinter and Gal Oren},

   year={2023},

   eprint={2308.08002},

   archivePrefix={arXiv},

   primaryClass={cs.DC}

}

In high-performance computing (HPC), the demand for efficient parallel programming models has grown dramatically since the end of Dennard Scaling and the subsequent move to multi-core CPUs. OpenMP stands out as a popular choice due to its simplicity and portability, offering a directive-driven approach for shared-memory parallel programming. Despite its wide adoption, however, there is a lack of comprehensive data on the actual usage of OpenMP constructs, hindering unbiased insights into its popularity and evolution. This paper presents a statistical analysis of OpenMP usage and adoption trends based on a novel and extensive database, HPCORPUS, compiled from GitHub repositories containing C, C++, and Fortran code. The results reveal that OpenMP is the dominant parallel programming model, accounting for 45% of all analyzed parallel APIs. Furthermore, it has demonstrated steady and continuous growth in popularity over the past decade. Analyzing specific OpenMP constructs, the study provides in-depth insights into their usage patterns and preferences across the three languages. Notably, we found that while OpenMP has a strong "common core" of constructs in common usage (while the rest of the API is less used), there are new adoption trends as well, such as simd and target directives for accelerated computing and task for irregular parallelism. Overall, this study sheds light on OpenMP’s significance in HPC applications and provides valuable data for researchers and practitioners. It showcases OpenMP’s versatility, evolving adoption, and relevance in contemporary parallel programming, underlining its continued role in HPC applications and beyond. These statistical insights are essential for making informed decisions about parallelization strategies and provide a foundation for further advancements in parallel programming models and techniques.
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