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Accelerating iterative field-compensated MR image reconstruction on GPUs

Yue Zhuo, Xiao-Long Wu, Justin P. Haldar, Wen-mei Hwu, Zhi-pei Liang, Bradley P. Sutton
Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL
IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, 2010, p.820-823

@conference{zhuo2010accelerating,

   title={Accelerating iterative field-compensated MR image reconstruction on GPUs},

   author={Zhuo, Y. and Wu, X.L. and Haldar, J.P. and Hwu, W. and Liang, Z. and Sutton, B.P.},

   booktitle={Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, 2010 IEEE International Symposium on},

   pages={820–823},

   issn={1945-7928},

   year={2010},

   organization={IEEE}

}

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We propose a fast implementation for iterative MR image reconstruction using Graphics Processing Units (GPU). In MRI, iterative reconstruction with conjugate gradient algorithms allows for accurate modeling the physics of the imaging system. Specifically, methods have been reported to compensate for the magnetic field inhomogeneity induced by the susceptibility differences near the air/tissue interface in human brain (such as orbitofrontal cortex). Our group has previously presented an algorithm for field inhomogeneity compensation using magnetic field map and its gradients. However, classical iterative reconstruction algorithms are computationally costly, and thus significantly increase the computation time. To remedy this problem, one can utilize the fact that these iterative MR image reconstruction algorithms are highly parallelizable. Therefore, parallel computational hardware, such as GPU, can dramatically improve their performance. In this work, we present an implementation of our field inhomogeneity compensation technique using NVIDA CUDA(Compute Unified Device Architecture)-enabled GPU. We show that the proposed implementation significantly reduces the computation times around two orders of magnitude (compared with non-GPU implementation) while accurately compensating for field inhomogeneity.
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