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Fast reconstruction of 3D volumes from 2D CT projection data with GPUs

M. Leeser, S. Mukherjee, J. Brock
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 440 Dana Building, Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Ave, Boston MA 02115, USA; Cognitive Electronics, 201 South St, Suite 301, Boston MA 02111, USA

@article{leeser2014fast,

   title={Fast reconstruction of 3D volumes from 2D CT projection data with GPUs},

   author={Leeser, Miriam and Mukherjee, Saoni and Brock, James},

   journal={BMC Research Notes},

   volume={7},

   number={1},

   pages={582},

   year={2014},

   publisher={BioMed Central Ltd}

}

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Biomedical image reconstruction applications require producing high fidelity images in or close to real-time. We have implemented reconstruction of three dimensional conebeam computed tomography(CBCT) with two dimensional projections. The algorithm takes slices of the target, weights and filters them to backproject the data, then creates the final 3D volume. We have implemented the algorithm using several hardware and software approaches and taken advantage of different types of parallelism in modern processors. The two hardware platforms used are a Central Processing Unit (CPU) and a heterogeneous system with a combination of CPU and GPU. On the CPU we implement serial MATLAB, parallel MATLAB, C and parallel C with OpenMP extensions. These codes are compared against the heterogeneous versions written in CUDA-C and OpenCL. Our results show that GPUs are particularly well suited to accelerating CBCT. Relative performance was evaluated on a mathematical phantom as well as on mouse data. Speedups of up to 200x are observed by using an AMD GPU compared to a parallel version in C with OpenMP constructs. In this paper, we have implemented the Feldkamp-Davis-Kress algorithm, compatible with Fessler’s image reconstruction toolbox and tested it on different hardware platforms including CPU and a combination of CPU and GPU. Both NVIDIA and AMD GPUs have been used for performance evaluation. GPUs provide significant speedup over the parallel CPU version.
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