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Hierarchical Mapping Techniques for Signal Processing Systems on Parallel Platforms

Lai-Huei Wang
University of Maryland
University of Maryland, 2014

@article{wang2014hierarchical,

   title={Hierarchical Mapping Techniques for Signal Processing Systems on Parallel Platforms},

   author={Wang, Lai-Huei},

   year={2014}

}

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Dataflow models are widely used for expressing the functionality of digital signal processing (DSP) applications due to their useful features, such as providing formal mechanisms for description of application functionality, imposing minimal data-dependency constraints in specifications, and exposing task and data level parallelism effectively. Due to the increased complexity of dynamics in modern DSP applications, dataflow-based design methodologies require significant enhancements in modeling and scheduling techniques to provide for efficient and flexible handling of dynamic behavior. To address this problem, in this thesis, we propose an innovative framework for mode- and dynamic-parameter-based modeling and scheduling. We apply, in a systematically integrated way, the structured mode-based dataflow modeling capability of dynamic behavior together with the features of dynamic parameter reconfiguration and quasi-static scheduling. Moreover, in our proposed framework, we present a new design method called parameterized multidimensional design hierarchy mapping (PMDHM), which is targeted to the flexible, multi-level reconfigurability, and intensive real-time processing requirements of emerging dynamic DSP systems. The proposed approach allows designers to systematically represent and transform multi-level specifications of signal processing applications from a common, dataflow-based application-level model. In addition, we propose a new technique for mapping optimization that helps designers derive efficient, platform-specific parameters for application-to-architecture mapping. These parameters help to maximize system performance on state-of-the-art parallel platforms for embedded signal processing. To further enhance the scalability of our design representations and implementation techniques, we present a formal method for analysis and mapping of parameterized DSP flowgraph structures, called topological patterns, into efficient implementations. The approach handles an important class of parameterized schedule structures in a form that is intuitive for representation and efficient for implementation. We demonstrate our methods with case studies in the fields of wireless communication and computer vision. Experimental results from these case studies show that our approaches can be used to derive optimized implementations on parallel platforms, and enhance trade-off analysis during design space exploration. Furthermore, their basis in formal modeling and analysis techniques promotes the applicability of our proposed approaches to diverse signal processing applications and architectures.
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